Ian James Thorpe, Template:Post-nominals (born 13 October 1982) is a retired Australian swimmer who specialised in freestyle, but also competed in backstroke and the individual medley. He has won five Olympic gold medals, the most won by any Australian, and with three gold and two silver medals, was the most successful athlete at the 2000 Summer Olympics. At the 2001 World Aquatics Championships, he became the first person to win six gold medals in one World Championship. In total, Thorpe has won eleven World Championship golds, the third-highest number of any swimmer. Thorpe was the first person to have been named Swimming World Swimmer of the Year four times, and was the Australian Swimmer of the Year from 1999 to 2003. His athletic achievements made him one of Australia's most popular athletes, and he was recognised as the Young Australian of the Year in 2000.
At the age of 14, he became the youngest male ever to represent Australia, and his victory in the 400 metre freestyle at the 1998 Perth World Championships made him the youngest ever individual male World Champion. After that victory, Thorpe dominated the 400 m freestyle, winning the event at every Olympic, World, Commonwealth and Pan Pacific Swimming Championships until his break after the 2004 Olympics. Aside from 13 individual long-course world records, Thorpe anchored the Australian relay teams, numbering the victories in the 4 × 100 m and the 4 × 200 m freestyle relays in Sydney, among his five relay world records. His wins in the 200 m and 400 m and his bronze in the 100 m freestyle in Athens have made him the only male to have won medals in the 100–200–400 combination. During this, he picked up the nickname "Thorpedo" because of his speed in swimming.
After the Athens Olympics, Thorpe took a year away from swimming, scheduling a return for the 2006 Commonwealth Games. However, he was forced to withdraw due to illness. Subsequent training camps were interrupted, and he announced his retirement in November 2006, citing waning motivation. From early 2011, there was speculation about Thorpe's return to swimming, fuelled by people claiming to have seen him training. The speculations were substantiated when Thorpe spoke at a February 2011 press conference of his return to swimming after four years away, with the aim of competing in the 2012 London Olympic Games. Thorpe competed at Australia's Olympic Trials in 2012, but failed to make the team. It was subsequently announced that he was targeting qualification for the 2013 World Championships in Barcelona and later the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow but was forced to abandon his plans due to a shoulder injury. In 2014, he was presented with a Doctor of Letters from Macquarie University in recognition of his contribution for the sport, philanthropy and Indigenous rights.
- I’ll never swim again, says Ian Thorpe. The Australian (March 19, 2016).
- Hunter, pp. 274–275.
- Ian Thorpe. Grand Slam International. Archived from the original on 19 August 2006. Retrieved on 14 November 2006.
- Hunter, p. viii.
- Swimming World's – World Swimmers of the Year. Swimming World. Retrieved on 29 January 2014.
- Young Australian of the Year 2000. National Australia Day Council. Retrieved on 29 January 2014.
- Hunter, p. 75.
- Andrews, pp. 434–436, 487.
- "Ian Thorpe – Career at a glance", ABC News, 21 November 2006. Retrieved on 22 November 2006. Archived from the original on 20 September 2008.
- "Thorpe announces retirement", ABC News, 24 November 2006. Retrieved on 29 January 2014.
- Cowley, Michael. "He's back – Thorpe takes the plunge", 2 February 2011.
- Jeffery, Nicole. "Ian Thorpe back on the Olympic wagon", 2 February 2011.
- Tucker, Jim. "Ian Thorpe sets sights on 2013 world championships in Barcelona", 26 July 2012.
- "Ian Thorpe to set sights on making Australia's Commonwealth Games team", 28 January 2013.
- Halloran, Jessica. "Ian Thorpe gives up on Olympic dreams after shoulder injury", Sydney: News Corp Australia, 27 July 2013.
- Ian Thorpe receives honorary doctorate of letters. Retrieved on 30 September 2014.