- This article is about current LGBT rights around the world. For historical and current movements to further LGBT rights, see LGBT social movements.
Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or territory—everything from legal recognition of same-sex marriage or other types of partnerships, to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.
- allowing of men who have sex with men to donate blood,
- government recognition of same-sex relationships (such as via same-sex marriage or similar unions),
- allowing of LGBT adoption,
- recognition of LGBT parenting,
- anti-bullying legislation and student non-discrimination laws to protect LGBT children and/or students,
- immigration equality laws,
- anti-discrimination laws for employment and housing,
- hate crime laws providing enhanced criminal penalties for prejudice-motivated violence against LGBT people,
- equal age of consent laws,
- equal access to assisted reproductive technology
- access to sex reassignment surgery and hormone replacement therapy
- legal recognition and accommodation of reassigned gender,
- and laws related to sexual orientation and military service.
Anti-LGBT laws include, but are not limited to, the following: sodomy laws penalizing consensual same-sex sexual activity with fines, jail terms, or the death penalty; anti-"lesbianism" laws; and higher ages of consent for same-sex activity.
In 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Council passed its first resolution recognizing LGBT rights, which was followed up with a report from the UN Human Rights Commission documenting violations of the rights of LGBT people, including hate crime, criminalization of homosexuality, and discrimination. Following up on the report, the UN Human Rights Commission urged all countries which had not yet done so to enact laws protecting basic LGBT rights.
- About LGBT Human Rights. Amnesty International. Retrieved on 29 March 2013.
- Becker, John (23 March 2012). LGBT Rights Are Civil Rights. Huffington Post. Retrieved on 29 March 2013.
- Jordans, Frank. "U.N. Gay Rights Protection Resolution Passes, Hailed As 'Historic Moment'", 17 June 2011.
- UN issues first report on human rights of gay and lesbian people. United Nations (15 December 2011).
- International Lesbian and Gay Association
- Amnesty International USA: LGBT legal status around the world — interactive map
- GayLawNet: Laws — information by country
- International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission
- Resource links — for researching legal information
- International Commission of Jurists, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Justice - A Comparative Law Casebook
- United Nations Human Rights Council, Discriminatory laws and practices and acts of violence against individuals based on their sexual orientation and gender identity, an annual report.
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