|Name at Birth||Wilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn|
|Born||19 February 1948|
|Died||6 May 2002 (age 54)|
|Place of death||Media Park, Hilversum, Netherlands|
|Alma mater||Vrije Universiteit |
University of Groningen
|Occupation||Politician, civil servant, sociologist, author, columnist, professor|
Wilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn, known as Pim Fortuyn (19 February 1948 – 6 May 2002), was a Dutch politician, civil servant, sociologist, author and professor who formed his own party, Pim Fortuyn List (Lijst Pim Fortuyn or LPF) in 2002.
Fortuyn provoked controversy with his stated views about multiculturalism, immigration and Islam in the Netherlands. He called Islam "a backward culture", and is quoted as saying that if it were legally possible, he would close the borders for Muslim immigrants. He was labelled a far-right populist by his opponents and in the media, but he fiercely rejected this label.
Fortuyn explicitly distanced himself from "far-right" politicians such as the Belgian Filip Dewinter, the Austrian Jörg Haider, or Frenchman Jean-Marie Le Pen whenever compared to them. While he compared his own politics to centre-right politicians such as Silvio Berlusconi of Italy, he also admired former Dutch Prime Minister Joop den Uyl, a social democrat, and Democratic U.S. president John F. Kennedy. Fortuyn also criticised the Polder model and the policies of the outgoing government of Wim Kok and repeatedly described himself and LPF's ideology as pragmatism and not populism. Fortuyn was openly homosexual.
Fortuyn was assassinated during the 2002 Dutch national election campaign by Volkert van der Graaf. In court at his trial, Van der Graaf said he murdered Fortuyn to stop him from exploiting Muslims as "scapegoats" and targeting "the weak members of society" in seeking political power.
- Margry, Peter Jan: The Murder of Pim Fortuyn and Collective Emotions. Hype, Hysteria, and Holiness in the Netherlands? published in the Dutch magazine Etnofoor: Antropologisch tijdschrift nr. 16 pages 106–131, 2003,English version available online
- Volkskrant newspaper interview (summary) at the Internet Archive Wayback Machine
- Cf. this BBC interview", 4 May 2002. "
- Interview with Belgium news agency.
- Simons, Marlise. "Rightist Candidate in Netherlands Is Slain, and the Nation Is Stunned", The New York Times, 7 May 2002. Retrieved on 5 May 2012.
- James, Barry. "Assailant shoots gay who railed against Muslim immigrants: Rightist in Dutch election is murdered", The New York Times, 7 May 2002. Retrieved on 5 May 2012.
- Simons, Marlise. "Elections to Proceed in the Netherlands, Despite Killing", The New York Times, 8 May 2002. Retrieved on 13 June 2010.
- Fortuyn killed 'to protect Muslims', The Daily Telegraph, 28 March 2003:
- [van der Graaf] said his goal was to stop Mr. Fortuyn exploiting Muslims as "scapegoats" and targeting "the weak parts of society to score points" to try to gain political power.
- Fortuyn killer 'acted for Muslims', CNN, 27 March 2003:
- Van der Graaf, 33, said during his first court appearance in Amsterdam on Thursday that Fortuyn was using "the weakest parts of society to score points" and gain political power.
- Jihad Vegan at the Internet Archive Wayback Machine, Dr Janet Parker 20 June 2005, New Criminologist
- Official Parliamentary Biography
- Pim Fortuyn at the Internet Movie Database
- Meertens Collection Pim Fortuyn
- Article "Hype, Hysteria, Holiness and the Murder of Pim Fortuyn" (Margry)
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