Template:AfricanAmerican The Salsa Soul Sisters, Third World Wimmin Inc Collective was the first "out" organization for lesbians, womanists and women of color in New York City [1]. The group is now the oldest black lesbian organization in the United States[1][2] [2].

Black Lesbian Caucus[edit | edit source]

The Salsa Soul Sisters grew out of the Black Lesbian Caucus of the New York City Gay Activists Alliance (GAA)[3], which in turn split in 1971 from the original Gay Liberation Front.

Salsa Soul Sisters[edit | edit source]

In 1974 the Black Lesbian Caucus reformulated itself as Salsa Soul Sisters, Third World Wimmin Inc, an autonomous group of black and latina lesbians offering its members a social and political alternative to the lesbian and gay bars, which had "historically exploited and discriminated against lesbians of color".[3][4]

Original sisters included founders Achebe Betty Powell (then Betty Jean Powell) and the Reverend Dolores Jackson, along with Harriet Austin, Sonia Bailey, and Luvenia Pinson[5][6]

Early collective member and activist Candice Boyce noted that, at the time of the group's founding, "there was no other place for women of color to go and sit down and talk about what it means to be a black lesbian in America"[7]

The Jemima Writers Collective was formed by members of the Salsa Soul Sisters to "meet the need for creative/artistic expression and to create a supportive atmosphere in which Black women could share their work and begin to eradicate negative self images."[8]

Publications[edit | edit source]

Salsa Soul Sisters published several quarterly magazines, including Azalea: A Magazine by Third World Lesbians (Published c1977-1983)[4], and Salsa Soul Gayzette, (published: c1982)[5][9][10]

African Ancestral Lesbians United for Societal Change[edit | edit source]

The Salsa Soul Sisters, Third World Wimmin Inc Collective has changed their name to the African Ancestral Lesbians United for Societal Change. The group is "committed to the spiritual, cultural, educational, economic and social empowerment of African Ancestral womyn".[11]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Smith, Barbara . The Reader's Companion to U.S. Women's History, ed. Wilma Pearl Mankiller, Houghton Mifflin 1998, ISBN 0618001824 p337
  2. Juan Jose Battle, Michael Bennett, Anthony J. Lemelle, Free at Last?: Black America in the Twenty-First Century, Transaction Publishers 2006 p55
  3. Salsa Soul Sisters, Third World Women, Inc, ...where it can all come together," brochure, LHA Organization Files/Salsa Soul Sisters.
  4. Molly Mcgarry, Molly & Wasserman, Fred. Becoming Visible, Penguin, 1998, 0670864013, p187
  5. VOICES OF FEMINISM ORAL HISTORY PROJECT, SOPHIA SMITH COLLECTION, Smith College [www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc SSC]
  6. Gay Encyclopedia
  7. quoted in Deitcher, David (ed.). The Question of Equality: Lesbian and Gay Politics in America Since Stonewall, Scribner 1995, 0684800306 p79
  8. Joseph, Gloria/ Lewis, Jill. Common Differences: Conflicts in Black and White Feminist Perspectives, South End Press 1986, ISBN 0896083187, p36
  9. Covina, Gina/Galana, Laurel. (The) Lesbian Reader: An Amazon Quarterly Anthology, Amazon Press 1975, ISBN 0960962603
  10. D'Emilio, John. Making Trouble: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and the University, Routledge, 1992 p261
  11. African Ancestral Lesbians United for Social Change, Columbia University description of Social Movements. Retrieved on 24 March, 2008.

External links[edit | edit source]

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