Transgender Day of Remembrance
Also calledTDoR
DateNovember 20th
ObservancesReading of names of those who died the previous year

Candle light vigils


Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDoR), which occurs annually on November 20, is a day to memorialize those who have been killed as a result of transphobia[1] (the hatred or fear of transgender and gender non-conforming people) and to bring attention to the continued violence endured by the transgender community.[2]

The Transgender Day of Remembrance was founded in 1999 by Gwendolyn Ann Smith, a transwoman who is a graphic designer, columnist, and activist,[3] to memorialize the murder of Rita Hester in Allston, Massachusetts.[4] Since its inception, TDoR has been held annually on November 20,[5] and it has slowly evolved from the web-based project started by Smith into an international day of action. In 2010, TDoR was observed in over 185 cities throughout more than 20 countries.[6]

Typically, a TDoR memorial includes a reading of the names of those who lost their lives during the previous year,[7] and may include other actions, such as candlelight vigils, art shows, food drives, film screenings, and marches.[8] The TDoR is the culmination of Transgender Awareness Week.[9] The Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) has extensively covered TDoR.[10] GLAAD has interviewed numerous transgender advocates[11] (including actress Candis Cayne[12]), profiled an event at the New York City LGBT Community Center,[13] and discussed media coverage of TDoR.[14]

See also


  1. Trans Day of Remembrance. Massachusetts Transgender Political Coalition (2013). Retrieved on 2013-11-20.
  2. Millen, Lainey. "North Carolinians mark Transgender Remembrance Day", 2008-11-20. 
  3. Smith, G.. Biography. Retrieved on 2013-11-20.
  4. Jacobs, Ethan. "Remembering Rita Hester", 2008-11-15. 
  5. Transgender Day of Remembrance. Human Rights Campaign. Retrieved on 2013-11-20.
  6. St. Pierre, E. (2010). TDoR Events and Locations 2010.
  7. Massachusetts Transgender Political Coalition. (2010). Transgender Awareness Week. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
  8. GLAAD. "Exclusive Video: Candis Cayne Discusses Being Out as Transgender in Hollywood", GLAAD, 2009-11-20. Retrieved on 2011-03-07. 
  9. GLAAD. "New York City's LGBT Center Observes Transgender Day of Remembrance", GLAAD, 2010-11-20. Retrieved on 2011-03-03. 

External links

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