A transman or transguy (often referred to as FTM) is short for transsexual or transgender man - a person who was naturally born or physically assigned as female at birth, but who feels that this is not an accurate or complete description of themselves and consequently identifies as a male. "FTM" (sometimes FtM, F2M, F->M or F>M) is short for "female-to-male", and identifies the general direction of transition (from assigned to actual), and not a conscripted "start" to "finish" process. Some transmen reject being seen as FTM, arguing that they have always been male and are only making this identity visible to other people and sometimes calling themselves MTM, (short for "male-to-male").
Terminology[edit | edit source]
Even though the same term "transman" is used as short form for both identities (transsexual man and transgender man), and sometimes transsexuality is seen as a type of transgenderism, in reality many transmen will identify as either transsexual or transgender, but not both.
"Transgender man" is an umbrella term that may include anybody who was assigned female sex at birth, but identifies part or full time as a male. For instance some drag kings, androgynous, bigendered, and genderqueer people might self-identify as transmen.Cite error: Invalid
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Transsexual men usually seek medical interventions, such as hormones and surgery, to make their bodies as congruent as possible with their preferred gender. They usually live or wish to live full time as members of the gender opposite to their birth sex.
Transition[edit | edit source]
- See also: Transitioning (transgender)
For different transmen, transition might involve some or all of the following steps:
- social transition - name change, wearing clothing seen as gender appropriate, disclosure to family, friends and usually at the workplace
- sex reassignment therapy - hormone replacement therapy (HRT), and/or surgery
- legal affirmation - name and often sex marker correction in the legal documents.
Originally the term transmen referred specifically to female-to-male transsexuals who undertook a physical change by HRT and/or surgery, but in recent years the mode of transition has broadened to include theories of psychological development or complementary methods of self-acceptance.
Research[edit | edit source]
In the United States the ratio of transmen within the general population is unclear, but estimates range between 1:2000 and 1:100,000. Female-to-male (FTM) transsexuals and transgenders usually self-identify during their teens, 20s or 30s, often following a long period of self-identifying as lesbian. Although there is still some disagreement as to how gender dysphoria begins and who should qualify for hormonal and surgical intervention, there is a remarkable amount of agreement in several important areas. Most psychologists now agree that gender dysphoria qualifies as a subject of clinical attention separate from other disorders. Further, most clinicians agree that the gender identity beliefs these people hold are profound, deep seated, and non-delusional. Even more significantly, outcome studies now clearly indicate that when three conditions are met: a proper differential diagnosis, a significantly long trial period of living in the gender of choice, and a satisfactory surgical result, there is only a small incidence of post-operative regret. Indeed, in a review of the outcome literature Pfafflin (1992) reports that less than 1% of the female-to-male transsexuals who had undergone sex reassignment had any regrets.
Preferences within the individual[edit | edit source]
Most transmen prefer to live part-time or full-time as male. Passing as a male, however, might be challenging for transmen who didn't undergo physical change, thus they may decide or have to present themselves as a female at certain social situations (e.g. at work). Post physical transition transmen usually live full-time as male. Sexual orientation of transmen is usually expressed with respect to male identity, not the genetic sex (e.g a transman, who prefers female partners, is considered heterosexual).
Publicly known transmen[edit | edit source]
- James Barry (1795-1865), military surgeon in the British Army
- Willmer "Little Ax" Broadnax (1916-1994), an African-American hard gospel quartet singer
- Albert Cashier, (1843-1915), an Irish-born soldier in the Union Army during the American Civil War
- Michael Laurence Dillon (1915-1962), physician and author
- Robert Eads (1945-1999), transsexual, subject of documentary Southern Comfort
- Reed Erickson (1917-1992), businessman and philanthropist
- Alexander John Goodrum (1960-2002), an African American transgender civil rights activist
- Brandon Teena (1972-1993), a victim of a hate crime, subject of the film Boys Don't Cry
- Billy Tipton (1914-1989), an American jazz pianist and saxophonist
- Ben Barres, an American neurobiologist who teaches at Stanford University
- Balian Buschbaum, German pole vaulter
- Alec Butler, Canadian playwright and filmmaker
- Meryn Cadell, Canadian singer, writer and performance artist 
- Patrick Califia, writer and poet 
- Loren Cameron, American photographer, author and activist 
- Jamison Green, writer & educator 
- Katastrophe (Rocco Katastrophe Kayiatos) emo-hop mc 
- Andreas Krieger, German shot putter  
- Lucas Silveira, transgender rock musician.
- Rupert Raj, activist, psychotherapist, researcher, writer 
- Max Wolf Valerio, poet, writer and performer
- Stephen Whittle OBE, PhD., Professor of Equalities Law in the School of Law at Manchester Metropolitan University, and an active member of the United Kingdom TransActivist organisation Press for Change 
- Buck Angel, a transgender adult film actor
Films[edit | edit source]
- Boys Don't Cry, drama
- Southern Comfort, documentary
- Transparent, documentary
- Pick Up the Mic, documentary (features two FTM artists)
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Notes on Gender Role Transition
- Transgender Terminology
- Answers to Your Questions About Transgender Individuals and Gender Identity
- Transgender Glossary of Terms
- Some Transgender Definitions
- "What is transition?" FTM Australia
- Hudson's FTM Resource Guide, FTM Basics: Terminology
- Institute for Judaism and Sexual Orientation, Glossary of Terms and Usage
- "How Frequently Does Transsexualism Occur?" by Lynn Conway
- "There are more of us than you think" by Joanne Herman
- The Alliance of Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay, Transgendered and Straight Ally Students, FAQ - Transgenderism
- "Transsexuals, Transgenders, Cross-Dressers: Issues for Professionals in Aging" by T. M. Witten, A. Evan Eyler & Cathy Weigel
- "Notes on Gender Role Transition" by Anne Vitale Ph.D.
- Factors Which Influence Individuals' Decisions When Considering Female-To-Male Genital Reconstructive Surgery
[edit | edit source]
National and international organizations
- FTM International
- FTM Australia (also known as Men's Ts Resources in Australia) for all men with transsexualism, family members, healthcare providers
- Transgender Law Center - The Transgender Law Center (TLC) is a civil rights organization advocating for transgender, transsexual and gender-variant communities in California.
- FTM Alliance - Los Angeles community-based advocacy group FTM Alliance
- FTM London - London-based FTM support group
- The Transitional Male
- Hudson's FTM Resource Guide A basic guide including info on testosterone, health, surgeries, binding, packing, shaving, acne, hair loss, bathrooms, and clothing, as well as other topics and links to products for transmen.
- Transgender Crossroads A resource directory, that includes links on variety of transgender/transsexual related topics and a list of support groups in mid-west area of the US.
- GenderTalk Internet radio station with the variety of programs and podcasts related to gender issues.
- Successful TransMen: Links and Photos
Medicine and Psychology
- Medical Therapy and Health Maintenance for Transgender Men: A Guide For Health Care Providers free ebook, ISBN 0-9773250-0-8
- Transsexuals, Transgenders, Cross-Dressers: Issues for Professionals in Aging
- Endocrine Treatment of Transsexual People: A Review of Treatment Regimens, Outcomes, and Adverse Effects
- Towards a Transpositive Therapeutic Model: Developing Clinical Sensitivity and Cultural Competence in the Effective Support of Transsexual and Transgendered Clients
- WPATH (The World Professional Association for Transgender Health) formerly known as the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association, Inc. (HBIGDA)
- Why Don't you Tell Them I'm a Boy Article on raising a gender non-conforming child by Florence Dillon. A mother's experience raising a transgender (FTM) son.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Becoming a Visible Man by Jamison Green
- The Testosterone Files: My Hormonal and Social Transformation from Female to Male by Max Wolf Valerio
- True Selves: Understanding Transsexualism--For Families, Friends, Coworkers, and Helping Professionals by Mildred L. Brown and Chloe Ann Rounsley
- Both Sides Now by Dhillon Khosla
- Dear Sir or Madam: The Autobiography of a Female-To-Male Transsexual by Mark Nicholas Alban Rees
- FTM: Female-to-Male Transsexuals in Society by Holly Devor
- Just Add Hormones: An Insider's Guide to the Transsexual Experience by Matt Kailey